Ewing sarcoma

Ewing’s sarcoma is a rare type of bone cancer. It is named after the doctor who discovered it, James Ewing.

Key Information

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What should I do?

If you are concerned about this condition then you should see a doctor within 48 hours.

How is it diagnosed?

Your doctor will examine the affected area and then probably arrange an X-ray. If this suggests a sarcoma then you will be sent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to look more closely at the affected bone. If this shows a likely sarcoma, then you will probably need to have a small sample (biopsy) of bone tissue removed and sent for analysis.

What is the treatment?

Treatment for Ewing’s sarcoma depends on how far the cancer has progressed.

Usually treatment consists of a combination of:

  • chemotherapy
  • surgery
  • radiotherapy.


Ewing’s sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that affects the bones. It is named after the doctor who discovered it, James Ewing. It is commonly found in young people aged between 10 and 20.

Ewing’s sarcoma does not usually cause symptoms in its early stages, although there may be pain and swelling. It is often diagnosed when you are having an X-ray to look at another injury.


Ewing’s sarcoma can be treated using a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In some cases, an amputation may be necessary.

As with most types of cancer, the outlook for individual cases depends largely on how far the cancer has advanced at the time of diagnosis.

Want to know more?

  • Cancer
  • Cancer Research UK: bone cancer
  • Macmillan: bone cancer
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